CBN vs. CBD: What's the Real Difference?

2021-01-06

The cannabis alphabet soup can be difficult to follow. Between the many acronyms that stand for various cannabinoids found within cannabis and hemp plants, it can be hard to keep each compound straight. That can be especially true when cannabinoids share two letters, like CBD and CBN. Despite the similar nomenclature, these two cannabinoids have significant differences. This guide will introduce you to each of the cannabinoids and how they work, as well as examine how they are alike and how they differ.

What is CBN?

Cannabinol (CBN), like CBD, is a non-intoxicating compound found in cannabis and hemp plants. Unlike CBD, which is its own cannabinoid, CBN is the by-product of degrading Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). When THC ages, it decays into CBN. That means there are usually higher levels of CBN in older cannabis flower. However, CBN has differing properties from THC and other cannabinoids and is actively being studied by researchers around the world.

Čo je CBD?

Kanabidiol (CBD) je jedným z mnohých fytocannabinoidov - alebo kanabinoidov, ktoré pochádzajú z rastlín - nachádzajúcich sa v rastlinách konope. Je to nepochybne jeden z najznámejších kanabinoidov, ktorý sa nachádza v produktoch od kapsúl po bomby do kúpeľa. Prirodzene zvyšuje našu zásobu endokanabinoidov alebo kanabinoidov produkovaných našim telom. * Na rozdiel od THC vás CBD nedostane vysoko. V skutočnosti je širokospektrálny konopný extrakt formulovaný tak, aby neobsahoval vôbec žiadny THC. (Toto je typ CBD, ktorý používame.)

Veda o CBN a CBD

CBN and CBD are both found primarily within the cannabis plant’s trichomes, the structures that line the buds of hemp flowers and on some of the surrounding small leaves. Over time, the trichomes fill with cannabinoid filled resin, changing from a clear appearance to a cloudy appearance when THC content is at its peak. As these trichomes degrade and THC turns to CBN, the trichomes turn a rusty amber color. For many cultivators, this means that the plant is past its prime. However, because CBN offers potential benefits of its own, the cannabinoid is becoming more desirable throughout the cannabis industry.

V prírode sa predpokladá, že kanabinoidy chránia rastliny konope pred chorobami, odvracajú predátorov a povzbudzujú opeľovače, aby rastline pomáhali množiť sa. Mimochodom, kanabinoidy tiež interagujú s endogénnym kanabinoidným systémom, radom receptorov, ktoré sa vyskytujú u ľudí a niektorých zvierat. Dnes sa dozvedáme viac o interakciách kanabinoidov s ľudským telom a o tom, ako tieto jedinečné zlúčeniny podporujú naše celkové zdravie.

Aký je sprievodný efekt?

Vedci sa domnievajú, že kanabinoidy a ďalšie zlúčeniny nachádzajúce sa v rastlinách kanabisu medzi sebou interagujú v procese známom ako sprievodný efekt. Táto teória naznačuje, že kanabinoidy môžu skutočne zvyšovať alebo meniť vzájomné vlastnosti, ak sú prítomné spolu. Vedci si napríklad myslia, že kombinácia CBN a THC môže spôsobiť pocity ospalosti, zatiaľ čo prítomnosť vysokých hladín CBD môže zmierniť opojné účinky THC.

Which cannabinoids are in our products?

At Prima, our products contain a variety of minor cannabinoides  alongside CBD. That's because we use broad spectrum hemp extract, which contains a fuller spectrum of cannabinoids except for THC than a CBD isolate, along with other compounds like terpenes, flavonoids, and acids. Which minor cannabinoids are present will vary from lot to lot as each plant that is harvested and extracted will have a different expression of cannabinoids.

The hemp extract in your favorite Prima product begins its journey on family farms in Oregon. These farms hold the earth in high esteem: the farmers use zero-waste cultivation techniques and won’t use single-use plastics during the cultivation process. Moreover, there are no synthetic fertilizers or pesticides used on the soil in which the hemp grows. That means no pesticides, herbicides, and no irradiation are used.

When it comes time to create our hemp extract, we only use CO2 supercritical fractionation. This slow and targeted method lets us take out all the compounds we don’t want in our products, such as THC, waxes, chlorophyll, and pollutants, leaving only the “good stuff” behind. This process also requires less processing and heating, since the CO2 naturally separates from the hemp extract at room temperature. Our resulting broad-spectrum hemp extract is free of hydrocarbons, toxins, and heavy metals.

 

This article is emanated from the magazine of PRIMA.